Author of the full version of the article: Dr Mirosław Antonowicz, Summary and translation: Wioletta Waszczak
Full version of the article available here – Kilka uwag o korytarzach transportowych między Polską a Czechami
The article analyzes the current and projected state of rail and road network in Poland, underlying Polish presence in the Baltic – Adriatic corridor. The author gives the conclusions of the reports of projects, aimed at the development and expansion of transport corridors running through Poland.
We can read about the use of the potential of Baltic – Adriatic corridor, for which development cooperation of Poland and Czech Republic is essential. Author lists specific actions to achieve this objective (eg. logistics centers opened for many operators, co-financing the investment in modern logistics infrastructure, create platforms for information exchange).
Data gathered, forecasted that in Poland and the Czech Republic economic growth will rise. According to performance parameters in logistics Poland and the Czech Republic are on 31 and 32 place on the list of 155 surveyed countries. For further development of these countries it is important to connect transport routes (rail and road) with marine ports, it will help the development of polish and czech economy. Author writes about the use of EU funds in the expansion and development of access infrastructure, which accelerate the development and expansion of transport corridors. European transport corridors are important for transport development across the EU.
There is a need to expand the network of national roads, motorways and rail networks in Poland. These are the key actions for the development of transport corridors.
Railway transport corridors play a large role in the transport – it is important to keep their competitiveness and accessibility for stakeholders. What is needed here, is the expansion of polish railways, primarily international connections. We will see a lot of benefits in the Polish-Czech cooperation on the expansion of route S3 (with obtaining EU funds), which is a part of the corridor Baltic – Adriatic, as well as other transport corridors.
The main objective of one of EU programs are investments in port development and facilitation of access to them from the land and from the sea. Particular attention should be put on railways, which are part of international routes TEN-T network. The author writes about potential development of polish marine ports and their role in transport in the Baltic Sea and beyond. Based on the report of the Hamburg Institute of World Economy (HWWI), author writes about the significant role of polish marine ports in the development of cross-border economic region along the Elbe and the Oder (eastern and northern provinces of Germany, the northern territories of the Czech Republic and western and northern provinces of Poland), which means cooperation of Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic. Citing the report, the corridor between Hamburg, Poland and the Czech Republic is not fully used.
Not all the elements necessary for development of the corridor are government supported. PAN analysis shows the key determinants of which will depend the development of transportation in the corridor. The existing roads and rail links (elements of the TEN-T Corridor Baltic-Adriatic) require multiple modifications and expansion.
Author points to the need for modernization and expansion of the existing road and rail networks, and especially their parts between Poland, the Czech Republic and Germany. This action is essential for the development of European transport corridors that run through Poland and the Czech Republic. Author underlines the potential role of Polish marine ports, as well as need to develop connections to the ports. Polish-Czech cooperation is necessary to expand the Baltic – Adriatic Corridor, which will bring benefits to both countries.